4. in general, all things that can be transported from one place to another without affecting the land on which they are fortified; ? The complainant must prove that his property is adjacent to the dangerous structure or must necessarily pass in the immediate vicinity. (f) An immovable that is to be sold or pledged and that is demolished immediately may be considered personal property and the sale or hypothec of the property would be a sale of movable property or a movable hypothec, because the true object of the contract would be the materials. Concept F: It does not belong to the State, but refers to the State which, as territorial sovereign, exercises certain legal prerogatives over that property. Ownership of these properties belongs to the social group, whether national, provincial or municipal. F Nature: Action for recovery of immovable property on the basis of ownership. It is about regaining control of the property as the owner. Article 571[edit] The usufructuary is entitled to any increase that the usufruct may receive as a result of membership, the servitude established in his favour and, in general, all the advantages associated with it. (479) ARTICLE 476. Whenever there is a cloud or interest in the ownership of real estate, a lawsuit may be brought to remove that cloud or calm the title due to an instrument, registration, claim, charge or procedure that appears to be valid or effective, but is in fact invalid, ineffective, questionable or unenforceable and may impair that title.

The court clarified that although section 448 was applied to a builder who, with the consent of the owner, made improvements to someone else`s property, so that the builder was compensated, in these cases the owners knew and approved of the construction of improvements to the property. In case of pledge – the donor can redeem the mortgage with the right to recover the donated wills/mortgages that are void, unless they are registered in the registry of deedsprior; Claim the value of the property if it is sold and cannot be recovered or redeemed by the 3rd personFruits that are returned when filing the action for revocation Canned candy that is returned upon presentation by the complainant. The limitation period is 4 years from non-performanceThe limitation period is 1 year from the discovery of the facts and it was possible for him to bring an actionSanable can be waived in advance The action cannot be waived in advance Right of action to the heirs Right of action transferred at the request of the donor, but can be transferred to the heirs Cannot bring proceedingsAction extends to the heirs of the beneficiaryThe action does not extend to the heirs of the beneficiary ARTICLE 384. The years that have elapsed without notification of the absentee or since the receipt of the last message, and five years if the absentee has left a person responsible for the management of his assets, his absence may be declared. (184) (1) after informing the owner or his legal representative, to establish an inventory of all the property containing an assessment of the movable property and a description of the condition of the real property; Kind. 559. Possession of movable property acquired in good faith is equivalent to title. Nevertheless, a person who has lost movable property or who has been unlawfully deprived of it may claim it from the person who owns it. F gives the right to enjoy someone else`s property, with the obligation to preserve its form and substance, unless the title to the property or the law provides otherwise. 2. immovable property considered personal in accordance with a special legal provision; F Division is the division between 2 or more people of real estate or personal property that owns it together, so that everyone can enjoy and own their only property to the exclusion and without interference of others a) Positive – the owner in service must allow something to be done in his property or do it himself.

These are intrusion and/or service easements » Art. 433. Actual possession under a claim of ownership raises a contentious presumption of ownership. The true owner must resort to legal proceedings to restore the property. (n) 1. Guardians and trustees in respect of the assets entrusted to them 1. The plaintiff must have a legal or equitable claim or interest in the property that is the subject of the action; The shares of the co-owners may be physically divided and separated, but before such a division, a co-owner cannot indicate a specific part of the property that belongs to him 1. If there is an express provision: the beneficiary must pay only the debts contracted before the donation, unless otherwise specified; however, the beneficiary is liable only up to the value of the donated property, unless otherwise specified (c) For the purposes of seizure and enforcement and for the purposes of the Immovable Hypothecs Act, unrelated proceeds are personal property.

(Sibal vs. Valdez, 50 Phil, 512). 607. If the usufruct exists on a parcel of land to which a building belongs and if it is destroyed in any way whatsoever, the usufruct has the right to use the land and materials. In addition, the owner may, if he so wishes, until the usufructuary provides a guarantee or is exempted from it, keep the property of the usufruct in his possession as administrator, subject to the obligation to provide the State of usufruct with the net proceeds of the latter after deduction of the amounts that may be agreed for that administration or approved by a court. (494) 1. Between husband and wife, even if the separation of property has been agreed in marriages or by court order. The applicants were not considered in good faith because there was evidence that the applicants had prohibited the defendant from building their own structure on part of the property.

The court noted that a letter had been sent to the applicants asking them not to build on the site, as the defendants were possibly planning to sell the same. As the petitioners built despite this prohibition, they were not considered bona fide builders. 11. Contracts for public works, physical characteristics and other rights in rem in immovable property Article 680. If the branches of a tree extend over a neighbouring estate, lease, garden or yard, the owner of the latter has the right to require that they be cut to the extent that they can extend over his property and if they are the roots of a neighbouring tree; who must invade the land of another, who can cut them himself in his property. (592) The right to everything that produces one`s own property, whether movable or immovable; and the right to what is naturally or artificially bound to it by membership. The right to own things that are part of something that is already owned. All other property belonging to one of them is patrimonial and subject to this Code, without prejudice to the provisions of special laws. (344 bis) Section 455.

If the materials, plants or seeds belong to a third party who has not acted in bad faith, the owner of the land must be proportionate to their value and only in the event that the person who used them has no property with which to pay. .